scientists predict the emergence of new strains of COVID-19

In Russia, almost 89 thousand new cases per day coronavirus COVID-19. The worst situation is still in Moscow, the Moscow region and St. Petersburg. Regions are stepping up preventive measures. From today in St. Petersburg, minors cannot visit zoos, museums, swimming pools, theaters and concert halls. To stop a pandemic, it is necessary to vaccinate at least 70 percent in every country, according to the World Health Organization. And while the world is trying to defeat covid, virus continues to mutate. Scientists are talking about new strains.

Bats again. Chinese scientists working in South Africa have discovered a new type of covid in mammals. So far, the virus is circulating within the population, but experts have suspicions that the new NeoCov variant may be dangerous for humans as well. The virus enters the cells of bats through the ACE2 receptor – just like it enters the lungs of humans and today’s covid. But one study is not enough. Experts from around the world are waiting for the NeoCov genomic sequence to study the issue in detail.

“If a mutation occurs in the genome, in the domain, then it will be able to infect a person as well,” warns Oleg Pyankov, head of the “Collection of Microorganisms” department of the SSC VB “Vector”. “Whether this mutation will occur or not is currently difficult to say. there is a containment enzyme that prevents it from directly infecting a person.”

At least 70% of the population of every country must be vaccinated to stop the pandemic, according to WHO. For states that cannot afford to buy a vaccine, the World Health Organization intends to help with the supply of drugs. Among which this year may be our Sputnik V. The full package of documents has already been sent to the experts – the Russian vaccine is awaiting WHO recognition.

“I am very pleased that after the meetings in November-December, the dynamics of obtaining these necessary documents has increased,” said Melita Vujnovic, WHO Representative in Russia. “These are not only documents about effectiveness, an article in the Lancet, this is a full technical document that includes five modules “Everything is going according to plan. And we hope that these plans will allow us to come to the end of this process this year.”

Moscow, where today there are plus 26,000 detected cases, is entering remote treatment regimens for mild patients. From tomorrow, with symptoms of SARS without fever, it will be possible to consult a doctor remotely. Sick leave will also be taken remotely. And also – in the online access to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health. What to do if you have a low temperature, how not to infect loved ones if you have a positive covid test.

“Who was vaccinated, but still got sick, or was sick before another variant of covid, in those, the disease usually proceeds easily, – emphasizes Natalya Pshenichnaya, Deputy Director for Clinical and Analytical Work of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor. – In some, it is generally accidentally detected, because it is asymptomatic. In others, against the background of a slight increase in temperature – 37.2-37.4 maximum – there is slight weakness, nasal congestion, soreness in the oropharynx.

In Russia, the scenario of South Africa is repeated, according to Rospotrebnadzor. There, “omicron” also at first actively infected children and young people. In Russia, the incidence in this category increased by 35 percent during the week. Now, according to doctors, children from one to three years old are getting sick and enduring the infection especially hard.

“They get sick more severely than others,” said Ismail Osmanov, chief pediatrician of the Moscow Health Department, chief physician of the Children’s City Clinical Hospital named after Z.A. Bashlyaeva, about infected children. damage to several organs and systemsand therefore these children are the first to be hospitalized.”

There are up to a thousand calls a day, and almost half of them are due to high temperatures. Ambulances in Yoshkar-Ola now go to patients immediately with express tests. Covid – in 40 percent of cases. “We write an emergency notice and send it to Rospotrebnadzor, and there they already send the data to the clinic so that they can be prescribed treatment,” says Viktor Firsov, a paramedic.

There are no cards at the register. All outpatient information about patients in electronic format. To the doctor – strictly according to coupons. So social distancing is not difficult. This new “covid clinic” in Chelyabinsk is focused only on patients with suspected “corona”. Here, before seeing a doctor, everyone takes both an express and a PCR test. “I am shocked in the good sense of the word, because I thought that everything would be quite formal, dry,” admits patient Elena Sizova. “But it turned out that it was just sincere.”

In Denmark, a new sub-variant “omicron” becomes dominant. The country’s health minister, Magnus Heinicke, said it could be even more contagious. The WHO official in Russia, Mielita Vujnovic, shows live how the mask should fit to the nose and mouth – as tightly as possible. And you need to change it often so as not to get sick. And disinfection is still relevant.

In Moscow today, the Leningradsky railway station was treated with “antique fog” – it took two tons of disinfectant. “When performing this type of work, in any case, the whole range of measures is taken to protect not only specialists, but also the local population,” says Alexander Terekhov, head of the RCB protection service of the Lider TsSOOR.

Russia and Europe are gradually entering a “less acute phase of the pandemic,” according to WHO. But it’s not final yet. international fight against the virus.


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