According to him Report on Educational Opportunities in Barcelona 2022 prepared by the Metropolis Institute, the reduction of the school segregation in the educational centers of the Catalan capital since 2018, when the city crash plan -precursor of Catalan admissions decree-, has decreased by 23% in the first year of early childhood education (EI-3), from 16% in primary and 26.4% in first ESO.
Something that has happened -stresses the report, made public this June- mainly due to two changes introduced in the pre-registration process: on the one hand, the increase in the detection of students with special educational needs for economic reasonsto detection between 2018 and 2021 has tripled according to municipal figures) and the “more equitable” distribution of these students between the public sector and the subsidized sector (through the obligation to reserve places for students with economic needs in all centers that receive public funds).
One of the criticisms of this Barcelona policy, which the Department of Education applies in a very similar way in EI-3 and in the first of ESO, offering the subsidized school 988.1 euros per student from a poor family enrolled in school after the third year; is that, that distribution of vulnerable students so that they are not concentrated in certain centers -the famous two lists: the ordinary list, with an X number of places, and the one for children with special needs, with a Y number of places- can cause uprooting in children who are separated from their primary classmates to send them to Less complex centers, but which sometimes do not want to go (something that is not the majority, 85% of these students enter a demanded option, but when it happens it is especially painful due to the heavy vital backpacks that these children usually carry).
The person in charge of the program DeSegregAcció of the Bofill Foundation, Maria Segurola, points out an urgency linked to the deployment of the plan: work on the reception of vulnerable students by schools that until now were not used to having this type of student in their classrooms and that now, as a result of these policies, are beginning to welcome them without tools No guidelines on how to do it.
“They have to have instruments to make these students feel good, and they have to make a faculty reflection on this management, on How do you ensure that these students do not suffer any discrimination within the educational center? The crash plan policy will not be successful if students are not doing well in class. These children must be able to be accompanied and the centers too, so that dynamics of cohesion and reception are generated, “she reflects.
The specialist in anti-segregation policies school puts on the table what in his eyes is another of the great pending issues to eradicate school segregation: the decree of concerts. “If you do not regulate the concerted one well, it is very difficult for the laws to be applied well. measures against school segregationbecause with the current concert decree, the admissions decree does not allow planning the offer of places in the subsidized, which generates imbalances and dysfunctions“, points secure herwho points out another important issue: the live license plate (students who access the system during the course), students who usually always receive the most complex schools (despite being included in the admission decree).
Apart from and parallel to the crash plan -which redistributes students with needs throughout the network, public and subsidized- during the last courses, the public sector has increased – also underlined the report of the Institut Metròpoli- their relative weight at all educational levels, but, continuing with the analysis of the school segregationthe sector concerted keep concentrating on the richest territories of the city. While in Sarrià-Sant Gervasi, with an average income of 28,000 euros, the percentage of public enrollment is below 20%, in Ciutat Vella, with an income of less than 15,000, the percentage of public exceeds 60%.