Latest version of final text Dubai calls for energy transition

A new version of the final text of the climate summit in Dubai released on Tuesday night contains, for the first time, a call for countries to switch from fossil fuels to other forms of energy to combat climate change. This does not mean ‘phasing out’ fossil fuels, as the EU, among others, wanted, but about a ‘transition’. International news agencies report this.

The new text, which was presented after negotiations well into the night by the presidency of the COP28 climate summit, will be submitted to the final meeting of the summit on Wednesday morning, where representatives of almost two hundred countries will be asked to agree.

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Dozens of governments have pushed for strong language during two weeks of tough negotiations to promise an end to the age of fossil fuels for the first time. However, their desired call to phase out fossil fuels was missing from an earlier version of the final document.

The new text calls for “moving away from fossil fuels in energy systems, in a fair, orderly and equitable manner, accelerating action in this critical decade, to achieve net zero by 2050 in line with science.”


The final text also calls for a tripling of global renewable energy capacity by 2030 to accelerate the reduction of coal consumption. Technologies such as carbon capture and storage also need to be accelerated to help industries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

If the document is adopted, it would be the first time in three decades of COP climate summits that countries have agreed on a joint transition away from oil, gas and coal, which are responsible for 80 percent of the world’s energy supply. Scientists say fossil fuels are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions driving climate change.

“It is the first time that the world is uniting around such a clear text on the need to move away from fossil fuels,” Norwegian Climate and Environment Minister Espen Barth Eide told Reuters. “It was the elephant in the room. Finally we can go into it with full force.”

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