Keys to understand the complex representation of transport

The transport industry is marked by an extraordinary internal complexity and internal struggles between dozens of employer organizations. The transport sector is a pyramid in which wage earners are the fewest and businessmen the majority. Of these, small self-employed entrepreneurs account for 70%, but 98% of the truck fleet in Spain is self-employed. On average, each entrepreneur has two trucks.

10% of the truckers they are salaried, with an agreement in Barcelona, ​​for example, that sets a salary of about 1,700 euros per month for being away from home for a good part of their lives. And the agreement is even worse in other provinces (30% less in Girona). Freelancers work for logistics companies or shippers, especially in the case of international transport. All national or international contracts are managed by a dozen large logistics operators operating in Europe.

In Spain there are more than 100,000 transport companies, but around twenty control 90% of the sector’s turnover. But a single truck crossed on a highway creates chaos, so an organization like the National Platform for the Defense of the National and International Road Freight Transport Sector, which has called the strikes of the last 15 days, has been able to put the food sector on the ropes, for example. The degree of representativeness in the sector of that organization is unknown, but it is clear that it cannot participate in any negotiation before the Government except through another self-employed organization (such as Fenadismer) or an unofficial parallel negotiation. Apart from the support received by VOX, the National Platform cannot participate in the National Committee for Road Transport (CNTC)which is the representation of the sector before the Government, as established by the Royal Decree that sets the basic rules of this instrument and the member associations.

The General Directorate of Land Transport supervises the degree of representation of the associations that make up the Committee. And that representation also depends on the specific field of activity, which is why representative bodies are created in passenger transport (intercity buses, urban buses, passenger cars, vehicles with drivers, ambulances, travel agencies…) and goods.

In merchandise, there are four basic sections representing the sector: National, International, operators and transport and logistics centers. The representation of the sector is led by the Spanish Confederation of Freight Transport (CETM), Fenadismer, Uno, Astic, Fetransa, Feintra, Atfrie, FVET, Acte, Anatrans, Feteia-Oltra and Fitrans. They are a complex cast of associations that have been able to demonstrate their business representativeness, but there are many others that are not represented. Specifically, these are the percentages of participation in each section and the votes they represent:

National public freight transport

54 votes

26 votes

9 votes

Up vote 7 down vote favorite

4 votes

International public freight transport

48 votes

17 votes

Up vote 13 down vote favorite

10 votes

Up vote 6 down vote favorite

5 votes

Freight transport operators

44 votes

One 15 votes

Feteia-Oltra 11 votes

Up vote 9 down vote favorite

Up vote 8 down vote favorite

Up vote 7 down vote favorite

5 votes

Freight Transport and Logistics Centers

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act 91 votes

9 votes