Although fuel prices have given some relief, retail prices remain high. That is what the former National Energy Commission (CNE) called the rocket effect -rapid transfer of oil increases to the final price- and plume -much slower when it falls-. In any case, the largest increases in a barrel of Brent crude, the benchmark quality in Europe, were in March, shortly after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, when it hit a high of $137. It is currently trading at the $80 level, but it is not the only factor that impacts the sale price. Another is the prices of refined products on the wholesale market, triggered especially by the shortage of diesel from Russia.

    2 At what price will gasoline and diesel be sold?

    Regarding the appearance of the pump, there will not be much difference because the discount, which will disappear on January 1 for non-professional drivers, was applied at checkout. In any case, prices have moderated, after having exceeded two euros per liter. The average price of gasoline today, 1,565 euros, is 6% higher than a year ago; and that of diesel, 1,661, by 22%. And it is that in June gasoline reached an average of 2.128 euros and diesel, 2.1 euros. Experts predict that diesel, the most widely used, will continue to register increases due to shortages because a good part was imported from Russia and the arrival of winter, although this second variable does not affect as much for now given the current weather. In any case, there are companies, such as Repsol, that have announced that they will maintain a discount of 10 cents throughout the winter and other companies have joined this.

    3 Who will benefit from discounts and aid for fuel in 2023?

    The Government has decided to abolish the general discount of 20 cents. This measure is replaced by aid for carriers, farmers, shipping companies and fishermen. In the case of carriers, the discount of 20 cents per liter is maintained, but it will be paid every month. For farmers, direct aid of up to 20 cents per liter will be given through the refund of the special hydrocarbons tax at a cost of 240 million euros and 120 million in the case of fishermen. The discount will be reduced to 10 cents from April to June. For holders of buses, taxis, ambulance, VTC (vehicles with driver) and goods transport, a direct aid is established for the estimated consumption that will be from 300 to 3,690 euros.

    4 How much will highway tolls go up?

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    Given that the application of the annual review of tolls would mean an increase of around 8.4%, the Ministry of Transport has decided to limit it to 4% on 11 of the highways under its concession, as well as the extraordinary reviews that corresponded to three of them. These are the AP-51 (Ávila connection), AP-61 (Segovia-San Rafael), AP-53 (Galicia central highway), AP-66 (Planta Route highway), AP-7 Alicante-Cartagena, AP-7 Málaga-Guadiaro, AP-68 (Basque-Aragonese highway) and AP-71 (León-Astorga), AP-9 (Atlántico highway), AP-6 (Northwest highway) and AP-46 (Atlantic highway) The Pedrizas). The AP-7 and the AP-2 in Catalonia are free of tolls. In turn, the tolls of the highways managed by the public company SEITT are frozen after being rescued, which are the Madrid radials R-2, R-3, R-4, R-5 and Madrid-Barajas (M- 12), as well as the Alicante, Cartagena-Vera and AP-36 (Ocaña-La Roda) and AP-41 (Madrid-Toledo) ring roads. The exception will be the highways of the Generalitat, which will register increases of between 6.5% and 7.3%. The rate for the Cadí tunnel is the one that will increase the least and the C-32 to El Vendrell. Thus, the toll for a car, van or van in the Cadí tunnel will go from the current 12.64 euros to 13.48 euros. In Vallvidrera, the off-peak hour for a car will rise to 4.34 euros (compared to the current 4.04 euros) while at rush hour it will go from the 4.56 euros that are now paid to 4.88 euros.

    5 Will public transport go up?

    Renfe commuter, Rodalies and medium-distance passes will continue to be free in 2023. Urban and interurban transport will have a 50% discount on the ticket if the autonomous communities are willing to add the remaining 20% ​​to the 30% provided by the State or town halls until June 30. In the metropolitan area of ​​Barcelona, ​​for example, the T-Casual, the ten-trip transport ticket -heir to the T-10- and the most demanded of the integrated fare system, as of January 1 it will cost 11.35 euros again as in 2020 in its one-zone rate, after losing its discount of 30%. The T-Usual and the T-Jove, on the other hand, will maintain the 50% discount and will continue to cost 20 and 40 euros respectively in their one-zone options.