No.n 2011 was established the World Vitiligo Day which is celebrated every year on 25 June to raise awareness about this skin disease. To date, it affects about 1% of the world population regardless of sex, age or ethnicity.

    And if it is true that many stars have cleared it through customs (see model Winnie Harlow), there are still many questions around it.

    Vitiligo, what is it?

    «Vitiligo (or vitiligo) is a disease that involves the epidermal organ causing a clear depigmentation, defined as“ chalky white ”. It is a’absolute lack of skin coloring in some areas of the body, caused by melanin», Explains the Emanuela Fogli, specialist in dermatology at San Pier Damiano Hospital in Faenza.

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    «It can manifest itself at any age, including the childhood period, but onset more frequently between the ages of 10 and 40», Specifies the doctor Jo Linda Maria Sinagra, dermatologist of MioDottore. As the experts explain: “It is a disease about which little is known about yet.”

    A pathology that is still little known

    Also the causes are currently unknown: «There may be a family predisposition. In addition, the frequent association with some autoimmune pathologies has allowed to hypothesize some connection», Explains Dr. Sinagra, who specifies that vitiligo can also be due to severe trauma or stress.

    Hands, feet, face among the most affected areas

    Usually, depigmentation occurs in specific areas of the bodyaround the eyes and mouth, on hands and feet.

    Segmental or Non-Segmentary Vitiligo?

    The difference between the two types lies in the distribution of the patches: «If the lesions develop only on one side of the bodyusually on the limbs, it is segmental vitiligo. If, on the other hand, the manifestations are bilateralpresent on both sides of the body, then one speaks of non-segmental», Underlines Sinagra.

    Sun and protection, the two allies of vitiligo

    The sun is a great ally of vitiligo: “It has been demonstrated how the exhibition, in appropriate times and methods, can help stimulate the production of melanin, playing a certain therapeutic role ”, explains Dr. Sinagra.

    “But without the necessary precautions, the skin gets burned”, echoes Fogli.

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    Can it be cured?

    «From vitiligo it cannot be cured definitively. But appreciable results are achieved with topical drugs, with the cryotherapy, with skin micro-grafts and exposure to natural or artificial sunlight; in the latter case, precise wavelengths must be selected »concludes Dr. Fogli.