Stostentate women, of course yes. But only if mothers, with children. One, but even better two, but three is even better. The address of the Giorgia Meloni government emerges clearly from budget law just approved by the government (now it will have to be presented in Parliament and approved, even with modifications, by the Chamber and the Senate by 31 December next). In the storm, in particular, the changes that the government plans to introduce to the Women’s Option: the pension system for employed and self-employed female workers. The new version of the standard (not yet made public in full) will make early exit for female workers linked to the number of children: people will leave at 58 with two or more children, at 59 if they have only one child, at 60 without children.
Option woman, how it is and how it could be
In other words, if from 2023 it will be possible to retire with 35 years of contributions but at least 60 years of age, workers with one child will leave at 59, those with two will leave at 58. But always with the recalculation of the check which cuts 30% of the final contribution. This, in summary (but for now there is, in fact, only the synthesis), the object of the dispute. But that is enough to raise a fuss, and the doubt that the law has unconstitutionality profiles very marked.
It would violate, say the detractors, the principle of equality: art. 3 of the Constitution. According to which “All citizens have equal social dignity and are equal before the law, without distinction of sex, race, language, religion, political opinion, personal and social conditions”. A violation that could lead to the rejection by the Council.
Whoever is a mother retires earlier
The INPS reminds you that Women’s option is “a pension calculated according to the calculation rules of the contribution system and paid, on request, in favor of employed and self-employed women who have acquired the requirements established by law by 31 December 2021”. Female workers can access it “who have accrued, by 31 December 2021, a seniority of contributions equal to or greater than 35 years and a registered age equal to or greater than 58 years (for female employees) and 59 years (for self-employed )”.
The new version, on the other hand, will bring the differentiated advance according to the number of children. In other words: have you been a prolific mother? And then you can retire a year early. You didn’t want to have children or they didn’t arrive? You have to work.
When family support discriminates against women
The law clearly goes in the direction taken by Giorgia Meloni’s government of support for families and an incentive for the birth rate. And yet, it is quite evident, not really. When a woman retires, her children are usually already quite old. And therefore not particularly in need of mother’s care. If so, the rule ends up discriminating against those who have not had children, for an infinite number of possible reasons (including, as well, the impossibility of conceiving them or bringing them into the world).
Not only. The norm should be restricted to caregivers, disabled workers and disabled dependents engaged in strenuous activities (the related article is still being written). But if that were the case, even more so: not having adolescent or adult children, for these categories, makes life heavier, not more agile.
Not only Women’s option. The other policies for the birth rate
On the other hand, the measures contained in the economic maneuver go in the direction of encouraging families and the birth rate, such as the strengthening of the family allowance (but for the first year and from the third -!- child) and of the leave (which is longer, but for the mother! ). Yet, even on this front, the discrimination against those who have no children is quite blatant. A fairly eloquent “hint” is the Istat report The redistribution of income in Italy – Year 2022.
Indeed, it is estimated that the set of family policies (pre-Meloni, of course) has reduced inequality from 30.4% to 29.6%, and the risk of poverty from 18.6% to 16.8%. Above all the single check but also other interventions have acted by improving the conditions of families with minor children, both couples (-4.3%) and single parents (-4.2%). There was also a reduction in poverty for one-member families (-2.1%) and for the over-65-year-olds alone (-1.3%), mainly due to bonuses and the advance of the revaluation of pensions. But, highlights the Istat, “for families with no children or only with adult children, the risk of poverty remains almost unchanged or increases slightly”. Therefore, support for families based on income and the protection of pension rights for women are very good. Na without discriminating who mother is not.
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